Exponea BigQuery (EBQ, formerly called Long Term Data Storage) is a petabyte-scale data storage in Google BigQuery. It provides a flexible, secure, and scalable infrastructure to house your data in an Exponea-like structure. Frequent data updates ensure that your data is always available on demand for custom analytics using your own BI tools. The scalable design easily handles the increased needs of your growing business, characterized by elevated data ingestion. EBQ ensures first-class care of all the technical and security aspects connected with your data storage.
- Highly scalable infrastructure will always meet your demands
- Exponea-like data structure makes it easy to understand your data in 3rd party tools
- Advanced security and threat detection
- Custom data retention - store your data as long as you need to
- Access management - distribute read access rights across your teams
- Usage-based pricing - packages based on the expected volume of stored and processed data
- Easily work with your data using Google BigQuery and 3rd party applications
To enable EBQ in your project, please contact your customer success manager or our support.
There are several ways how you can access your EBQ data, which are loaded in BigQuery.
Use the web-based BigQuery console. You can use it to write your custom SQL queries, store and execute them.
Use any of the modern BI tools that provide a connector to BigQuery e.g. Tableau, Power BI, Qlik or Google DataStudio to create reports and analysis using your EBQ data.
Install and setup JDBC/ODBC drivers for Google BigQuery to facilitate accesses by various tools that do not have native BigQuery connector (e.g. ETL tools).
Access Google BigQuery API using Google Cloud Client Libraries.
You can manage users and access rights to your Google BigQuery dataset through a Google Group. You will receive an invitation email to your Google Group upon the setup of the EBQ module, which will also grant you admin rights. Only group members can access your BigQuery data.
- Open the group you have been invited to
- Select "Members" in the top right menu
- Select "Manage" in the top right menu
- Select "Direct add members" or in the left menu
- Add emails and the welcome message
For the purposes of data analysis in the BigQuery console and for BI tools access, you will use your Google user account.
For the purposes of BigQuery access using an API, a service account will be created for you.
EBQ is a set of tables in the Google BigQuery (GBQ) dataset that is kept up to date using regular loads. A BigQuery project always contains 2 types of tables:
One table for each event type (e.g. session_start, item_view etc,)
- customers_id_history - history of all customer merges
- customers_external_ids - mapping between internal and external customer ids
Event tables are loaded incrementally, which means that new rows are added to the tables during every load.
Each Event table contains tracked data in the same structure as in the application (see
Data Manager >
Events to understand the expected data structure). All tracked data are stored as a “properties” record and can be accessed in SQL in the following way:
SELECT properties.utm_campaign FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.session_start`
First three columns in each Event table are:
An ID of the customer that can be used to join with Customer tables
Timestamp of when a given event was processed by Exponea
Timestamp of when a given event actually happened, business timestamp
To query those fields, no prefix needs to be used:
SELECT internal_customer_id FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.session_start`
Customer tables are loaded using a full load. During each daily load, tables are loaded from scratch, hence they always contain the latest information about the customers.
The main customer table is
customer_properties. The structure is the same as defined in the application (see
Data Manager >
Customer Properties to understand the expected data structure). All tracked data are stored as a “properties” record and can be accessed in SQL in the following way:
SELECT properties.last_name FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.customers_properties`
This table contains a history of customer merging.
past_id is the ID of the customer that is merged with another customer and
internal_customer_id is the ID of the customer with which the
past_id was merged. Until customers are merged, there is no record in this table.
This table maps each
internal_customer_id to all available
external_customer_ids. The value of
external_customer_id is stored in
id_value and the type of
external_customer_id (e.g. cookie, email) is stored in
Both event and customers_properties tables contain the
properties field, which is a BigQuery nested record (struct). Fields in this record have types based on types of properties specified in Exponea application (
Data Manager > Events and
Data Manager > Customer Properties).
The conversion is done in a following way:
datetime properties will be converted correctly only if their value is unix timestamp in seconds.
list type is stored in BigQuery in a JSON serialized form
In addition to
properties field, customers and event tables also contain
raw_properties field. Properties in
raw_properties field are not converted according to Exponea schema, all of them are BigQuery
STRING type. This is useful for cases when conversion in
properties doesn't return expected results (the returned value is
In order to get query results faster and cheaper, it is recommended to use partitioned tables in BigQuery. Timestamp partitioning is available in your project.
Timestamp partitioning is done using business timestamp. A business timestamp is the time when the event was tracked. See examples:
A filter on partitioned column has been used
A filter on partitioned column has NOT been used
Notice the difference in the volume of data to be processed (indicated in the bottom right part of the screenshots).
In order to enable monitoring of the load process there is a table _system_load_log in each dataset. For example to find out what was the last time when session_start event type was loaded, the following query needs to be executed:
SELECT tabs, timestamp FROM `gcloudltds.exp_4970734e_9ed3_11e8_b57b_0a580a205e7b_views._system_load_log` CROSS JOIN unnest(tables) as tabs WHERE tabs in('session_start') ORDER BY 2 DESC LIMIT 1
Data in the event tables in the BigQuery are loaded incrementally and never deleted, even if you delete some data in Exponea. Information about deleted data is stored in EBQ in the table
_system_delete_event_type. You can use this table to filter only data that have not been deleted from Exponea. See the code below on how to do it:
SELECT * FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.order_cc` WHERE ingest_timestamp >= (SELECT Max(ingest_timestamp) FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views._system_delete_event_type` WHERE event_type = 'order_cc') AND timestamp >= (SELECT Max(timestamp) FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views._system_delete_event_type` WHERE event_type = 'order_cc')
Every time a customer uses a different browser or device to visit your website, they are considered as separate and non-related entities. However, once the customer identifies (through registering or logging in their account for example), those 2 profiles are merged into one. In this way, customer activity can be tracked across multiple browsers and devices.
Until the customers are merged, there is no record about the first or the second customer in the customers_id_history table.
At the moment of the merge, the following information is stored in the table:
This means that the customer that was tracked on device 2 (customer_on_device_2) is merged into the customer on device 1 (customer_on_device_1) and both customers together are now considered as a single merged customer.
It is important to work with merged customers when you analyze the event data to get all events generated by the customer_on_device_2 and customer_on_device_1 assigned to a single customer. Use the following query to work with merged customers:
SELECT Ifnull(b.internal_customer_id, a.internal_customer_id) AS merged_id, a.internal_customer_id AS premerged_id FROM `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.session_start` a LEFT JOIN `gcloudltds.exp_558cba14_8a46_11e6_8da1_141877340e97_views.customers_id_history` b ON a.internal_customer_id = b.past_id)
For each internal_customer_id in the event table (session_start in this case) if there is a merge available in the customers_id_history, internal_customer_id will be mapped to the merged customer. As a result, analysis can be now done on merged_id, all session_starts created historically by either customer_on_device_2 or customer_on_device_1 will have merged_id = customer_on_device_1.
We recommend using
raw_properties field in customers_properties and event tables.
See the complete tutorial here: https://cloud.google.com/bigquery/docs/exporting-data